It has been the inspiration for an Oscar winning movie, a Broadway play, and much speculation as to how it sank, but the Titanic was doomed from the start. It was a series of bad luck and poor design that brought this luxury ship down to the middle of the North Atlantic. “April, 15 1912, the ship sank and out of 2,223 1,517 had died,” according to titanicuniverse.com.
“The high class ship featured a double bottom, which is a ship hull design where the bottom of the ship had two watertight layers of a hull surface: one outer layer forming the normal hull of the ship, and a second inner hull which is somewhat higher in the ship, perhaps a few feet, which formed a barrier to water in case the outer hull is damaged and leaks, and 15 watertight rooms, called bulkheads, with doors that could be controlled individually or simultaneously by a switch on the bridge of the ship, or the room or platform from which the ship can be commanded,” stated history.com
“This is why the construction workers and ship designers thought the ship was “Unsinkable.” But the bulkheads contained a flaw; even though they were watertight they could spill from one into the other,” according to history.com.
Another problem, according to history.com, was the number of lifeboats available. The Titanic had 16 lifeboats on board including collapsible boats. The lifeboats had room for only one third of the passengers aboard the Titanic this means that most of the population on the Titanic would not have room, unless the lifeboats came back for more people.
The last recorded problem for the Titanic is what brought it down, the iceberg. Studies, according to history.com, have shown that if the Titanic had slowed down just five knots the Titanic would have never sunk. If the Titanic was going 15 knots instead of 20 the Titanic would have cleared the iceberg completely.
“The wrought iron rivets that fastened the hull plates to the Titanic’s main structure also failed because of brittle fracture from the high impact loading of the collision with the iceberg and the low temperature water on the night of the disaster.Titanic would have cleared the iceberg completely and this tragic event would have never happened,” reported writing.engr.psu.edu