Clean Water Scarce for One Billion People

Clean Water Scarce for One Billion People

“Almost a billion people on the planet don’t have access to clean drinking water. A third of the world’s population lives without basic sanitation infrastructure like a toilet,” stated

The Clean Water Act (CWA) establishes the basic structure for regulating discharges of pollutants into the waters of the United States and regulating quality standards for surface waters.

The basis of the CWA was enacted in 1948 and was called the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, but the Act was significantly reorganized and expanded in 1972. “Clean Water Act” became the Act’s common name with amendments in 1972 stated EPA, United States Environmental Protection Agency. (

The Clean Water Act wants to make sure that our water does not get polluted, which more than 65% of our world population is using polluted, unclean water, according to  You can help those people who need clean water through your own actions. Water can be conserved  ( or donations can be made to  help this cause.                                                      

Water pollution has many causes. Sewage sludge, which is used for fertilizer, and industrial facilities is discharged waste which  ends up in our oceans. ( This polluting may end up in our everyday drinking water if we don’t find a safe way to exit out from our oceans.

Individuals, such as campers, may find themselves in situations where they need to “purify” their own water.                                             

Water can be purified in many ways. stated a safe way to purify water.

Step 1: Do not try to use water that has floating material in it, water that has any odor, or water that has a dark color.  These are all indications that the water is significantly contaminated and may be dangerous no matter what you do to filter it or kill bacteria.  On the other hand, a little dirt in the water can be cleaned out easily and won’t hurt anyone.

Step 2: If the water is cloudy, the first thing to do is take out as much of the dirt as possible.  If you have time, start by letting it settle.  Put the water in a tall container and leave it for 12 to 24 hours.  Carefully dip or pour the cleaner water at the top into another container.  Clean the water as you put it in the new container by running it through a filter.  The easiest filter is a coffee filter.  If you don’t have a coffee filter, use a paper towel or a piece of clean t-shirt material or similar cloth.  Change the filter whenever it gets visibly dirty.                                                                                    

Step 3: Once water is filtered, it is fine for using to clean things like clothing and floors.  Don’t use water that you wouldn’t drink to wash you face, rinse your dishes or clean the kitchen.”

The urgency of water conservation has been intensified by the drought in California. In the future citizens may see themselves converting lawns to drought tolerant lawns and using “gray” water for non-consumption uses.

The Dalai Lama, the political spiritual leader of Tibet, has stated another reason for conservation, “Every human should have the idea of taking care of the the environment, of nature,  of water. So using too much or wasting water should have some kind of feeling or sense of concern, some sort of responsibility and with that, a sense of discipline.”