Smiley Face Found in Space

photo+courtesy+of+http%3A%2F%2Fwww.vox.com%2F2015%2F2%2F10%2F8012935%2Fhubble-smile-galaxy

photo courtesy of http://www.vox.com/2015/2/10/8012935/hubble-smile-galaxy

eThis photo, taken by the Hubble telescope, has been making the rounds since it was recently released. It’s not hard to see why. The distant cluster of galaxies pictured looks coincidentally like a smiley face.

It sure looks like a smiley face beaming down from the heavens, but actually it is a massive galaxy cluster known as SDSS J1038+4849. The image, captured by the Hubble Space Telescope, looks like two glowing yellow eyes and several curved lines forming a face and a smile. The two glowing eyes are actually two distant galaxies. And the smile? That’s a result of what astronomists call “strong gravitational lensing.” That happens because the gravitational pull between the two galaxy cluster is so strong it distorts time and space around them, stated cnn.com

The particular ring-like phenomenon in the picture, called an Einstein ring, occurs when the light source, the galaxies, and the viewer all line up directly. In essence, the galaxy eyes are acting as a magnifying glass, blowing up the light coming from behind them, reported vox.com.