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Glaciers Tell the Story of Climate Change

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Over the course of many years, scientists have noticed evidence which leads to the belief of the Earth getting warmer, in some places much more rapidly than others. One huge piece of evidence that supports this is that many glaciers around the world have been melting due to this temperature change, reported mnn.com.

Scientists believe that the burning of fossil fuels and the buildup of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere has influenced the Earth’s increasing temperatures, stated nsidc.org. Human activity has increased the levels of carbon dioxide in our atmosphere by 40%, which ultimately warms up the atmosphere. Other causes include the dust and soot from grazing, farming, and the burning of forests, reports nsidc.org.

Record-high average surface temperatures have been recorded all over the planet, present in the temperatures and levels of salinity in the ocean. As result of all the melting glaciers, the sea levels have risen between four and eight inches, reported nationalgeographic.com.

With all the melting glaciers, scientists are worried about the rising sea levels and how they’ll affect our life on earth. The IPCC, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, project done in 2001 reported that the sea level would rise between 4 and 35 inches by the end of the century, stated nationalgeographic.com.

If the worst case scenario of this report was to occur, one of the consequences would be salt water interfering mixing in with our natural aquifers meaning that the water used for farming and even the water we drink would be contaminated with salt water. This could create problems with agriculture and even the water we drink in our everyday lives, reported nationalgeographic.com.

One person who has noticed the change in the glaciers is photographer, James Balog who has been documenting the disappearances for more than a decade. Balog studies glaciers all over the world and not just in the polar region, because they affect local communities as well, stated mnn.com. To show his findings in the melting glaciers, Balog uses before and after photos to help get a wider audience aware of the problem.

“The glacier’s retreating, but it’s also thinning at the same time. It’s like air being let out of a balloon,” Balog added.

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The student news site of Bernardo Yorba Middle School
Glaciers Tell the Story of Climate Change